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2016꿼Ӣһ

ߣ   Դ   639   ʱ䣺2016-11-13 13:16:14  

2016ȫ˶ʿоѧͳһӢ(һ)

Section 1  Use of English

Directious:

Read the following Text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A,B,C or D on the ANSWER SHEET.(10 points)

In Cambodia, the choice of a souse is a complex one for the young male. It may involve not only his parents and his friends, 1 those of the young woman, but also a matchmaker.A young man 2 a likely spouse on his own and then ask his parents to 3 the marriage negotiations, or the young mans parents may make the choice of a spouse, giving the child little to say in the selection. 4 , a girl may veto the spouse her parents have chosen. 5 a spouse has been selected, each family investigates the other to make sure its child is marrying 6 a good family.

The traditional wedding is a long and colorful affair. Formerly it lasted three days, 7 by the 1980s it more commonly lasted a day and a half. Buddhist priests offer a short sermon and 8 prayers of blessing. Parts of the ceremony involve ritual hair cutting, 9 cotton threads soaked in holy water around the brides and grooms wrists, and 10 a candle around a circle of happily married and respected couples to bless the 11 . Newlyweds traditionally move in with the wifes parents and may 12 with them up to a year, 13 they can bulid a new house nearby.

Divorce is legal and easy to 14 , but not common. Divorces persons are 15 with some disapproval. Easch spouse retains 16 property he or she Divorced persons may.

1.  [A]by way of   [B]with regard to   [C]on behalf of   [D]as well as

2.  [A]decide on   [B]provide for      [C]compete with   [D]adapt to

3.  [A]close       [B] arrange        [C]renew   [D]postpone

4.  [A]In theory   [B] Above all       [C]In time   [D]For example

5.  [A]Unless     [B] Lest           [C]After   [D]Although

6.  [A]into       [B] within          [C]from   [D]through

7.  [A]or         [B]since           [C]but   [D]so

8.  [A] test       [B]copy            [C]recite   [D]create

9.  [A]folding    [B]piling            [C]wrapping   [D]tying

10.  [A]passing   [B]lighting          [C]hiding      [D]serving

11.  [A]association [B]meeting          [C]collection   [D]union

12.  [A]deal      [B]part             [C]grow       [D]live

13.  [A]whereas   [B]until            [C]for         [D]if

14.  [A]avoid     [B]follow          [C]challenge   [D]obtain

15.  [A]isolated   [B]persuaded       [C]viewed      [D]exposed

16.  [A]wherever   [B]whatever       [C]whenever   [D]however

17.  [A]changed   [B]brought         [C]shaped     [D]pushed

18.  [A]invested   [B]divided         [C]donated   [D]withdrawn

19.  [A]warms     [B]clears         [C]shows      [D]breaks

20.  [A]while      [B]so that         [C]once      [D]in that

Text1

Francewhich prides itself as the global innovator of fashion , has decided its fashion industry has lost an absolute right to define physical beauty for women. Its lawmakers gave preliminary approval last week to a law that would make it a crime to employ ultra-thin models on runways . The parliament also agreed to ban websites that incite excessive thinness by promoting extreme dieting.

Such measures have a couple of uplifting motives. They suggest beauty should not be defined by looks that end up impinging on health. Thats a start And the ban on ultra-thin models seems to go beyond protecting models from starving themselves to death Cas some have done. It tells the fashion industry that it must take responsibility for the signal it sends women , especially teenage girls, about the social tape-measure they must use to determine their individual worth.

The bans ,if fully enforced, would suggest to women (and many men) that they should not let others be arbiters of their beauty. And perhaps faintly, they hint that people should look to intangible qualities like character and intellect rather than dieting their way to size zero or wasp-waist physiques.

The French measures, however, rely too much on severe punishment to change a culture that still regards beauty as skin-deep-and bone-showing. Under the law, using a fashion model that does not meet a govemment-defined index of body mass could result in a $85,000 fine and six months in prison.

The fashion industry knows it has an inherent problem in focusing on material adornment and idealized body types. In Denmark, the United States, and a few other countries, it is trying to set voluntary standards for models and fashion images that rely more on peer pressure for enforcement.

In contrast to Frances actions, Denmarks fashion industry agreed last month on rules and sanctions regarding the age, health, and other characteristics of models. The newly revised Danish Fashion Ethical Charter clearly states:We aware of and take responsibility for the impact the ideals, especially on young people. The charters main tool of enforcement is (CFW), which is run by the Danish

21. According to the first paragraphwhat would happen in France?

APhysical beauty would be redefined.BNew runways would be constructed.

CWcbsites about dieting would thrive.DThe fanshing industry would decline.

22. The phrase impinging on(Line 2Para.2) is closest in meaning to

Aheightening the value of.         Bindicating the state of.

Closing faith in.                 Ddoing harm to.

23. Which of the following is true od the fashion industry?

AThe French measures have already failed.BNew standrds are being set in Denmark.

CModels are no longer under peer pressure.DIts inberent problerma are getting wotse.

Text 2

For the first time in history more people live in towns than in the country, In Britain this has had a curious result. While polls show Britons ratethe countrysidealongside the royal family,Shakespeare and the National Health Serivce (NHS) at what makes them proudest of their countrythis has limited political support.

A century ago Octavia Hill Launched the national trust not to rescue stylish houses but to save the beauty of natural places for everyone forever It was specifically to provide city dwellers with space for leisure where they could experiencea refreshing air .Hill is pressure later led to creation of national parks and green belts. They dont make countryside any moreand every year concrete consumes more of it . it needs constant guardianship.

At the next election none of the big parties seem likely to endorse this sentiment. The conservatives planning reform explicitly gives rural development priority over conservationeven authorsing off-planbuilding where local people might object. The concept of sustainable development has been defined as profitable. Labour likewise wants to discontinue local planning where councils oppose development. The liberal democrats are silent. Only ukip, sensing its chance,has sided with those pleading for a more considered approach to using green land.its Campaign to protect rural England struck terror into many local conservative parties.

The sensible place to build new housesfactories and offices is where people arein cities and towns where infrastructure is in place. The London agents stirling ackroyd recently identified enough sites for half a million houses in the London area alonewith no intrusion on green belt.what is true of London is even truer of the provinces.

The idea thathousing crisis equals concreted meadows is pure lobby talk. The issue is not the need for more houses but,as alwayswhere to put them. Under lobby pressureGeorge Osboyne favours rural new-build against urban renovation and renewal. He favours out-of-town,shopping sites against high streets . this is not a free market but a biased one. Rural town and villages have grown and will

26. Britain is public sentiment about the countryside

A. has brought much benefit to the NHSB. didnt start till the Shakespearean age

C .is fully backed by the royal family  D.is not well reflected in politics

27 .According to Paragraph 2the achievements of the National Trust are now being

A. gradually destroyedB .effectively reinforced

C .properly protected  D .largely overshadowed

28. which of the following can be inferred from Paragraph 3?

A. Ukip may gain from its support for rural conservation

B. the conservatives may abandon off -planbuilding

C. the liberal democrats are losing political influence

D .labour is under attack for opposing development

29. the author holds that George Osborne is preference

A. reveals a strong prejudice against urban areas

B. shows his disregard for character of rural areas

C. stresses the necessity of easing the housing crisis

D. highlights his firm stand against lobby pressure

30. in the last paragraphthe author shows his appreciation of

A .the size of population in Britain       B .the enviable urban lifestyle in Britain

C. the town-and-country planning in BritainD .the political life in today is Britain

Text 4

There will eventurally come a day when The New York Times ceases to publish stories on newsprint .Exactlly when that day will be is a matter of debate.Sometime in the future ,the papers publisher said back in 2010.

Nostalgia for ink on paper and the rustle of pages aside, theres plenty of incentive toditch print. The infrastructure required to make a physical newspaperprinting presses ,delivery trucks-isnt just expensive ;its excessive at a time when online-only competitors dont have the same set of financial constraints.Readers are migrating away from print away .And though print ad sales still dwarf thire online and mobile counterparts,revenue from print is still declining.

Over way be high and circulation lower ,but rushing to eliminate its print edition would be a mistake ,say BuzzFeed CEO Joah Peretti.

Pereti says the Time shouldt waste time getting out of the print business,

But only if they go about it the right way .Fighting out of a way to accelerate that transition would make sense of them,he said,but if you discontinue ityoure going to have your most loyal customers really upset with you.

Sometimes,thats worth making a change anyway.Peretti gives the example seen as a blunder,he said.The move turned out to be foresighted.Ane if peretti would rale prices and make it into more of a legacy product.

The most loyal customers would still get the product they favor,the idea goes,and theyd feel like they were helping sustain the quality of something they believe in ,So if youre overpaying for print,you could feel like you were helping,Perettisaid Then increase it at a higher rate each year and essentially try to generate additional revenue.In other words,if youre going to make a print product ,make it for the people who are already obsessed with it .which way be what the time is doing already .Getting the print edition seven days a week costs each Ca year-more than twice as much as a digital-only subscription.

36.The New York Times is considering ending its print edition partly due to

[A]the pressure from its investors.[B]the complaints from its readers.

[C]the high cost of operation.  [D]the increating online ad sales.

37.Peretti suggests that,in face of the present situation,the Times should

[A]make strategic adjustments    [B]end the print sdition for good.

[C]seek new sources of readership.[D]aim for efficient management.

38.It can be inferred form Paragraphs 5and6 that a legacy product

[A]will have the cost of printing reduced.[B]is meant for the most loyal customers.

[C]helps restore the glory of former times.[D]expands the popularity of the paper.

39.Peretti believes that,in a changing world,

[A]traditional luxuries can stay unaffected.[B]aggressiveness better meets challenges.

[C]cautiousness facilitates problem-solving.[D]legacy businesses are becoming outdated.

40.which of the following would be the best title of the Text?

[A]Make Your Print Newspaper a Luxury Good.  [B]Keep Your Newspapers Forever in Fashion.

[C]Cherish the Newspaper Still in Your Hand.     [D]Shift Online Newspapers All at Once.

Part B

Directions:

Read the following Text and answer the questions by choosing the most suitable subheading from the list A-G for each of the numbered paragraphs(41-45).There are two extra subheadings.Mark your answers on the ANSWER SHEET.(10 Points)

No matter how formal or informa the work environmentthe way you present yourself has an impact. This is especially true in first impressions. According to research from Princeton Universitypeople assess your competencetrustworthinessand likeability in just a tenth of a secondsolely based on the way you look.

The difference between todays workplace and thedress for succeas era is that the range of options is so much broader.Norms have evolved and fragmented

In some settings, red sneakers or dress T-shirts can convey status; in others not so much. Plus, whatever image we present is magnified by social-media services like LinkedIn. Chances are, your headshots are seen much more often now than a decade or two ago. Millennials,it seems, face the paradox of being the least formal generation yet the most conscious of style and personal branding. It can be confusing.

So how do we navigate this? How do we know when to invest in an upgrade? And whats the best way to pull off one that enhance our goals? Here are some tips;

41about how others perceive you.Maybe theres no need for an upgrade and thats OK.

42.Get clear on what impact youre hoping to have. Are you looking to refresh your image or pivot it? For one person, the goal may be to be taken more seriously and enhance their professional image. For another, it may be to be perceived as more approachable, or more modern and stylish. For someone moving from finance to advertising, maybe they want to look more SoHo.(Its OK to use characterizations like that.)

43. Look at your work environment like an anthropologist. What are the norms of your environment? What converys status? Who are your most important audiences? How do the people you respect and look up to present themselves? The better you understand the cultural conText, the more control you can have over your impact.

44. Enlist the support of professionals and share with them your goals and conText. Hire a personal stylist, or use the free styling service of a store like J.Crew. Try a hair stylist instead of a barber. Work with a professional photographer instead of your spouse or friend. Its not as expensive as you might think.

Part C

Directions:

Read the following Text carefully and then translate the undetlined segments into Chinese.Your translation should be written neatly on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)

Mental health is our birthright.(46) We dont have to learn how to be mentally heally; it is built into us in the same way that our bodies know how to heal a cut or mend a broken bone. Mental health cant be learned, only reawakened. It is like the immune system or the body, which under stress or through lack of nutrition or exercise can be weakened, but which never leaves us. When we dont understand the value of mental health and we dont know how to gain access to it, mental health will remain hidden from us.(47) Our mental health doesnt really go anywhere ;like the sun behind a cloud, it can be temporarily hidden from view, but it is fully capable of being restored in an instant.

Mental health is the seed that contains self-esteem-confidence in ourselves and an ability to trust in out common sense. It allows us to have perspective on our lives C the ability to not take ourselves too seriously, to laugh at ourselves, to see the bigger picture, and to see that things will woke out. Its a form of innate or unlearned optimism. (48) Mental health allows us to view others with sympathy if they are having troubles. With kindness if they ate in pain .and with unconditional love no matter who they are. Mental health is the source of creativity for solving problems, resolving conflict, making our surroundings more beautiful. Managing our home life , or coming up with a creative business idea or invention to make our lives easier. It gives us patience for

About how others perceive you.Maybe theres no need for an upgrade and thats OK.

Section III Writing

Part A

51 .Directions:

Suppose you are a librarian in your university .Write a notice of about 100 wordsproviding the newly-enrolled international students with relevant information about the library.

You should write neatly on the ANSWER SHEET.

DO not sigh your own name at the end of the notice. Use Li Ming instead.

DO not write the address. (10 points)

Part B

52 .Directions:

Write an essay of 160200 words based on the following picture in your essay, you should

1. describe the pictures briefly,

2. interpret its intended meaning, and

3. give your comments.

You should write neatly on the ANSWER SHEET. (20 points)

 

2016ȫ˶ʿоѧͳһӢ(һ)𰸽

I  cloze


1. As well as2. Decide on3. Arrange4. Above all5. After6. Into   7. But

8. Recite   9. Tying   10. Lighting 11. Union  12. Live  13. Until14. btainO

15. Persuaded16. Whatever17. Brought18. Divided19. Shows20. While

II Reading comprehension

Part A

Text1:

21-25:ADBCD

Text 2

26-30:DDABC

Text 3

31-35:BACAB

Text 4

36-40:CABBA

Part B

41-45:BFDEG

Part C

46. Dzѧϰαֽ;ǵ֪˿Ȭùۺת

47. ʵһֱ;Ʊ̫ʱῴȫ̻

48. ڱ鷳֮ʱͬ;ڱʹ֮ʱƴ;˭ܸİ

49. ǵУܽ԰ΰٲҲ֣ͨᷢһֱڣָȹѣѡ

50. 𽥷֣޴ڣǿǡôطĽ࣬Ҹ

 

 

III Writing

Part A

Notice

This notice is to introduce briefly the library on our campus to those international students who are newly enrolled. The following points is supposed to arouse the attention of new overseas students. At the top of the list, the library opens at 7:00 oclock in the morning and closes at 22:30 everyday, so it is wise for anyone who wants to read books in the library and borrow books to remember the above mentioned time. More importantly, each foreign student need apply for an entrance card to the library in the International Students Office in our university. Last but not least, I, on behalf of our library, extend warm greetings to all newly students from abroad.

If anyone has questions, please do not hesitate to call 86010123 or send message to liabrarys@ccc.edu.cn for the detailed information.

                                                           Li Ming

Part   B

οģ1

As is vividly depicted in the first picture there is a father watching TV and asking his son to study hard, with his son being unable to concentrate on his study. The second picture portrays that the son and the father are studying hard together. At the lower part of the picture is a caption which implies that it is wise for parents to set a good example for their children by action rather than by words.

It occurs to me that the author of the drawing aims at reminding us of the the value of a good example by parents. First and foremost, examples speak louder than words, for it is widely accepted that an example enables each person to transform his or her aspirations from a state of potentiality into reality. Put it another way, parents example enables their children to improve them selves, so they can be qualified for the future job, be ready for the forthcoming life, and they are likely to achieve more fulfillment. Furthermore, according to a latest survey conducted by an authority on the Internet, the majority of people interviewed answer that parents action produces more positive influence on the growth of their children than oral requirements do.

Hence, it is vital for us to derive positive implications from the above pictures. For one thing, we should frequently use it to enlighten young parents. For another, we should cultivate the awareness of parents that personal examples are very vital to kids growth. Only by doing so can children grow sound in body and mind.

οģ2

As is clearly shown in the first picture, a father is watching a video while telling his son to study hard. In the second picture, another father is studying just as his son is doing. What the two pictures intend to illustrate is: rather than make requests to your kids, why not set an example for them?

As an old saying goes, a good example is the best way of persuasion. There is no doubt that parents are of vital importance for the growing-up of their kids. As parents, you should do well what you want your kids to do. Kids ability to judge right from wrong needs to be developed, so if you are not setting a good example, you may lead them to a wrong way.

Therefore, it is a compelling obligation for parents to set a good example for our kids. As long as we give them the lead by practising what we preaches, our kids will surely follow our way.

οģ3

In the left picture,Son, go and study quickly!shouts the father who is watching TV sitting in the couch and smoking. The boy actually cant focus on his homework at all. While in the right picture, both the father and the boy concentrate on their study. The words below the pictures sayingInstead of just demanding, setting a good example is more important.

Were all aware that parents play great important role in the growing of their children. Parents can teach children by setting good examples in their daily life. If parents can not achieve their requirements, how can they ask their children to do so? In childrens view, their parents are always perfect, and they do what their parents do, especially when theyre young. So its of great significance to set good examples for the children.

Above all, parents cannot just tell their children what to do, they should also discipline themselves. In this way, children can feel that theyre respected and treated equally.

οģ4

Wise people used to say that taking actions is of utmost significance in our daily life. This is most vividly illustrated in the given picture, which shows that a father is asking his little son to study hard in the first picture, while in the second picture, the father is setting a model for the son.They happily sit together to study. Funny as the picture, the symbolic meaning is as deep as ocean.

Studying it further, it is easy to figure out that taking actions to guide the child is the only way to fulfill parents responsibility. Our family, for example, has been the first place to grow . The parents have exerted about 80% influence on the education of the kids.There is no denying that it is the parents perseverance and taking actions that really guide the the kids to succeed . If they never take action to do something, the children will never have a real guide to follow. An old saying goes like this: Like father ,like son. A wise father will do his endeavor to help his kids. Kids ability to judge right from wrong needs to be developed, so if the adults are not setting a good example, they may lead them to a wrong way.

In a word, I believe, As long as parents give their kids the lead by practising what they preaches, their kids will surely follow their way. They should remind the awareness that parents action speaks louder than their words.

 

ģ

Notice

August 20, 2015

To ensure students from oversea to be acquainted with the service of library in Beijing University, we write this notice to inform you of some relevant information about our library.

To begin with, our library provides a large amount of books and materials covering not only most majors and subjects, but also many extra-curricular reading materials, thus satisfying all your reading requirements. Furthermore, the library opens during the week time, each day from 9:00 am to10:00pm.Last but not least, only students enrolled in this university and with a special Library Card are allowed to enter into our library.

Anyone interested in studying or reading in our library should sign up their name with their monitor before August 31, and the Library Card will be issued within a week

    Library of Beijing University

 
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